Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Dream Telepathy Already Confirmed by Science

Arjun Walia
Collective Evolution

Dream telepathy suggests that human beings have the ability to communicate telepathically with another person while they are dreaming. This isn’t a new concept, scientific interest in telepathy dates back to the fathers of the psychoanalytic movement. Freud, for example, considered telepathy and the implications of it with regards to psychoanalytic thought. He also considered dream telepathy, or the telepathic influence of thought on dreaming on multiple occasions. Carl Jung believed in the telepathic hypothesis without question, and even developed a theoretical system to explain “paranormal” events of this nature. (2)

All great minds seem to encourage the study of various types of non-physical phenomena.

“The day science begins to study non-physical phenomena, it will make more progress in one decade than in all the previous centuries of its existence.” - Nikola Tesla

“A wealth of anecdotal and clinical material exist which supports the possibility of telepathic effects occurring in dreams (Krippner, 1974). However, an experimental approach to the topic did not become possible until psycho-physiological laboratory technology became available. It was discovered that sleeping research participants awakened from periods of rapid eye movement (REM) activity were frequently able to recall dream episodes. As a result, it was possible to request a “telepathic receiver” to attempt dreaming about a target stimulus that was being focused on in a distant location from a telepathic sender.” (source)

Experiments and Results

In the mid 1960′s, Montague Ullman, MD, began a number of experiments at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, New York to test the hypothesis that sleeping people could dream about randomly selected material that they were targeting to dream about. In other words, they could choose what they wanted to dream about, some examples include artwork, movies, photographs and more. Shortly after these experiments began, she was joined by Stanley Krippner. Krippner is a PhD., and professor of psychology at Saybrook University, he has a very impressive background when it comes to the scientific study of dreams, psychology and parapsychology.

The experiments they conducted lasted a span of more than 10 years, and “yielded statistically significant results.”

During the experiments, there was usually a “telepathic sender” and a “telepathic receiver.” They met in the laboratory for a short period of time before being placed in completely separate rooms just before they went to sleep. The “telepathic” sender had an envelope waiting for them in the room in which they’d sleep. The envelope would contain something like a picture or a drawing. The “receivers” were then purposely awakened shortly after Rapid Eye Movement sleep (REM) and the researchers took a dream report.

A Very Significant Session

One very memorable and significant session of dream telepathy experimentation took place where the selected art print was “School of Dance” by Degas, which depicted a dance class of several young women. According to Krippner, the “receivers” dream reports included such phrases as “I was in a class made up of maybe half a dozen people, it felt like a school,” and “There was one little girl that was trying to dance with me.” These results are extremely fascinating, the idea that one can influence another’s dream is quite remarkable. Although we might not understand the process behind the transfer of information, and we can’t see this transfer take place from mind to mind, the phenomenon was well documented and real, yet void of any scientific understanding or explanation. This is quite common when we examine scientific studies that have evaluated parapsychological phenomena. It’s real, observed, yet we don’t quite understand ‘how.’

Another significant session conducted by Krippner and Ullman took place on March 15th 1970. In this session, a large group of people at a Holy Modal Rounders rock concert were selected as the “telepathic senders.” A local media artist by the name of Jean Millay took responsibility to ready the “telepathic senders” for “target preparation.” She did this with help from the Lidd Light Company, a group of artists that were responsible for the light show at the concert. Millay gave the audience a brief verbal set of directions before the image was flashed on the large screen that the “telepathic” senders were looking at. Six slide projectors were used to project a color film about eagles and their nesting habits as well as information about various birds from around the world, including information about the mythological Phoenix. This all happened at the same time Holy Modal Rounders were playing their song, “If you want to be a bird.”

 There were five volunteer “telepathic receivers” for this experiment, and they were all located within a one hundred mile radius from the “telepathic senders.” All of the receivers were aware of the concert location and were told to record their images at midnight because that was when the material to be sent by the senders would be exposed to them.

“One “telepathic receiver,” Helen Andrews, had the impression of “something mythological, like a griffin or a phoenix.” The second, third and fourth research participants reported images of “a snake,” “grapes,” and “an embryo in flames.” The fifth participant was Richie Havens, the celebrated American singer and recording artist, who reported closing his eyes at midnight and visualizing “a number of seagulls flying over water.” Both Mr. Havens and Ms. Andrews reports represented direct correspondences with the target material.”(source)

More remarkable results were seen when the rock group “Grateful Dead” also volunteered to participate in a dream telepathy session over a span of six nights. You can read more about that (and other results) here. These results were actually published by the American Psychological Association (1)

These are usually the instructions given to the subjects that participate in these experiments.

1. You are about to participate in an ESP experiment. 

2. In a few seconds you will see a picture. 

3. Try using your ESP to “send” this picture to the receiver.

4. The receiver will try to dream about this picture. Try to “Send” it to them. 

5. Then, receivers will be made aware of the senders location

Possible Explanations?

Quantum physics has shed light on the vast interconnectedness of everything in the universe. One possible explanation is quantum entanglement.  For example, two electrons that are created together, if you send one to the other side of the universe, the other will respond instantly, distance doesn’t matter. This is one way of interpreting how everything is really connected in some way. Einstein called it “spooky actions at a distance.”  For a great visual demonstration of this, click here.

The truth of the matter is that there is no explanation and scientists are unable to give an explanation. They were only able to observe what was taking place, which again,  is very common for parapsychological phenomenon.

At the same time, these experiments involve dreams, a completely different and altered state of “reality” that we really don’t know much about. It’s a world separate (or at least we think) from the world in which we are “awake.” Although the world we perceive when we are awake could just be a dream. We could go on and on with these questions, and continue contemplating forever.

Parapsychological Phenomenon Has Been Proven and Documented All Over The World

Parapsychological (PSI) phenomena, and studies examining the role of consciousness and its influence on our physical material world has been studied, documented, observed and proven (over and over again) by a number of renowned scientists in a number of laboratories all over the world. The Department of Defense has had a huge interest in it (and have studied it) for a number of years, yet the scientific study of it is concealed from the public and left out of universities and mainstream science, which is not fair, and not right. It’s not like we don’t have this information, some of this documentation and these publications are available in the public domain. CE has covered these in depth, and the link below will take you where you want to go, to an article that is well sourced with lots of information. There are more examples on our website, so if this sparks your interest feel free to browse through it and look for more!



Tuesday, September 9, 2014

The First Queen to Follow Baha'u'llah

Princess Marie of Edingburgh, Queen Marie of Romania

“The Bahá’í teaching brings peace and understanding. It is like a wide embrace gathering together all those who have long searched for words of hope. It accepts all great Prophets gone before, it destroys no other creeds and leaves all doors open. Saddened by the continual strife amongst believers of many confessions and wearied of their intolerance towards each other, I discovered in the Bahá’í teaching the real spirit of Christ so often denied and misunderstood: Unity instead of strife, Hope instead of condemnation, Love instead of hate, and a great reassurance for all men.”   ~Princess Marie of Edinburgh, Queen Marie of Romania

"A passion for Beauty. The Diaries of Marie, Queen of Romania"  Pasiunea pentru frumos. Jurnalele Mariei, Regina RomÂniei. Regia/ Director: Sorin Ilieşiu

"Mary, Our Queen" (Trailer) A 2010 film by Marian Baciu, Sahia Film Production 2010

Marie of Edinburgh (Marie Alexandra Victoria; 29 October 1875 10 July/18 July 1938) was Queen of Romania as spouse of King Ferdinand of Romania.

She was born on 29 October 1875, at Eastwell Park in Kent, the eldest daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. Her father was the second-eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Her mother was the only surviving daughter of Alexander II of Russia and Maria Alexandrovna of Hesse.


A Discussion Between a Russian and an American About the Future Greatness of Nations Yet to Come

Madison Reed  Artwork by Patricia Reed

by Madison Reed

A very dear Russian friend and I were discussing the great potential that all nations have to shed their illumination on the world.  We touched on the United States, Russia and China - and then the Muslim nations.

I said, "Nothing would please me more, and make me prouder, than to see Russia as a great power, that surpassed the United States - not that the United States has attained any special station that it should be distinguished above other nations.  In fact, the United States is very, very far from its true potential to do good in the world.


He asked if I believe China would rule the world.  I told him that I believed China would become an enormous blessing to the entire world, once the Chinese people and government opened to the spiritual dimension, and opened their hearts.  And I truly believe this process is underway now.

Then he asked what about the "rich Arabian" countries?  I said, "I'm afraid they're going to have a longer path of suffering.  Only after Mecca is liberated, and the cry of "Mankind is One" is sung from the minarets of the Grand Mosque (Masjid al-Haram), and the Kaaba becomes a place of pilgrimage open to all people who desire to connect to one of the great branches of mankind's spiritual heritage, will Arab countries pour out their gifts and illumination to all mankind.

All nations and peoples are heading in this direction.  No nation yet can honestly claim to be a just and truthful nation yet.


Thursday, August 28, 2014

A 7th Century Prophecy About the Future Collapse of Islam, from Imam Ali, the First Successor to the Prophet Muhammad

Islam's 4th Caliph and 1st Imam, Hazrat 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib
In his prophecy about the future of Islam, as recorded in the "Awalimu al-Ulum Wa Al-Maarif", or "Awalim," - an authoritative hadith accepted as authentic by both Sunni and Shi'ah Muslims - Ali Ibn Abi-Talib, the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad, and the first Imam to succeed him, said,

"Islam would be capsized as a pot is capsized with all its contents."

The Awalim was compiled by Sheikh Abu Allah al-Bahrani in the 12th Century.  It consists of 100 volumes.

If you have any doubt about the Awalim's authority and authenticity, check entry number 181 at:


Monday, August 25, 2014

"Mitakuye Oyasin" - The Universal Lakota Sioux Prayer for Mankind

by Neva Howell

There is a simple but profound Lakota prayer: Mitakuye Oyasin.

These two words mean All My Relations or We are All Related.

To pray this prayer is to petition God on behalf of everyone and everything on Earth.

Mitakuye Oyasin honors the sacredness of each person's individual spiritual path, acknowledges the sacredness of all life (human, animal, plant, etc.) and creates an energy of awareness which strengthens not only the person who prays but the entire planet.

Soon after I first learned this prayer, I saw that it represented all that needed to be said. It was a prayer of respect, honor and love for all of mankind, and for the Earth. It was a prayer that said "I wish goodness and peace for all. I would leave no one out. I pray for all." It was a prayer that crossed the barriers of religion and could be prayed by one of any faith. It was a prayer that united, instead of dividing. It was an amazing prayer.

There has been a growing awareness, among those of every major faith, of the common elements within religions. Over the next few years, we will see increasing overlaps of creed and ritual as people of every faith sense a need to embrace new ways of relating, outside the structure of their own faith to embrace the Godness in others, regardless of the differences in dogma or religious law. There will be less and less need to convert or convince and more willingness to learn from one another. A combining of traditions, and a reaching out beyond the boundaries of divided faith, will result in a focus on common truth, tolerance, acceptance, and Oneness.

I'm not sure how long I have known that we are all connected (and that what we do affects those around us as well as people we never meet) but I do recall, very vividly, the moment this awareness made it's way to my conscious mind in a clear statement of purpose. I was watching a music video on MTV. God moves in mysterious ways. The scenes were accompanying a song titled Everybody Hurts, by REM. The camera moves slowly past rows and rows of cars, bumper to bumper, in Los Angeles rush-hour traffic. We (the viewers) are shown the thoughts of the passengers in each car, by way of captioned statements on the screen.

It is painful to watch not just because everyone seems lost in pain, struggle or hopelessness, but because they all seem alone and unaware of the people in other cars. Then, a solitary man steps from his car, closes the door, and begins to walk away. One by one, passenger after passenger follows suit until all the thousands of cars are left vacant. A way of life is abandoned. One by one, we are stepping on the path to a new reality.

Critical Mass has been reached. The hundredth monkey has rinsed his food, and a new core knowledge of Oneness is being born. Aho. Mitakuye Oyasin.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Neva Howell can be contacted through her page at
She also has a website called Ask A Healer


Monday, August 11, 2014

Report finds that most young Iranians are sexually active, and many are gay

The research department of the Iranian Parliament has found that four out of five young adults in the Islamic republic are sexually active and 17% with people of the same sex - See more at:
search department of the Iranian Parliament has found that four out of five young adults in the Islamic republic are sexually active and 17% with people of the same sex - See more at:
The research department of the Iranian Parliament has found that four out of five young adults in the Islamic republic are sexually active and 17% with people of the same sex - See more at:

The research department of the Iranian Parliament has found that four out of five young adults in the Islamic republic are sexually active and 17% with people of the same sex

The research department of the Iranian Parliament has found that four out of five young adults in the Islamic republic are sexually active and 17% with people of the same sex - See more at:
Gay Iranians Celebrate LGBT Day  Photo:

by Andrew Potts

An Iranian Government report has found that sex before marriage is widespread among young Iranians despite the country’s hardline approach to public displays of affection and Islamic code.

The Iranian Parliament surveyed 142,000 young adults and found that 80% of the women reported having had boyfriends.

They also found 17% of the young adults had had a same-sex relationship despite the country imposing the death penalty for homosexual acts.

The report, released earlier this month, recommended allowing couples to register temporary marriages – a tradition among Shiite Muslims called ‘sigheh’ – with the state to deal with the problem of heterosexual promiscuity.

Story Source:

Related:  Yes, There Are Gays in Iran
An Iranian Government report has found that sex before marriage is widespread among young Iranians despite the country’s hardline approach to public displays of affection and Islamic code.
The Iranian Parliament surveyed 142,000 young adults and found that 80% of the women reported having had boyfriends.
They also found 17% of the young adults had had a same-sex relationship despite the country imposing the death penalty for homosexual acts.
The report, released earlier this month, recommended allowing couples to register temporary marriages – a tradition among Shiite Muslims called ‘sigheh’ – with the state to deal with the problem of heterosexual promiscuity.
However the researchers proposed no solutions for young Iranians in same-sex relationships.
Iran’s former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad famously declared that there were no homosexuals in his country in 2007 when confronted on his country’s record on LGBTI rights.
- See more at:
Report finds most young Iranians are sexually active and many are gay - See more at:
Report finds most young Iranians are sexually active and many are gay - See more at:
Report finds most young Iranians are sexually active and many are gay - See more at:


Friday, August 8, 2014

Are many of the world's so-called religions, just magnets for sociopaths and psychopaths?

 A gay Iranian man hung because of his sexual orientation
A gay Iranian man hung because of his sexual orientation.
WAKE UP!  The human race needs to RETHINK and REDEFINE the phenomena we're excusing every day, and labeling as part and parcel of "RELIGION," when they are in fact not part of true religion in the least, but activities by people who are mentally and spiritually ill.

Many of our religions and religious denominations are nothing more than deranged organizations that are powerful magnets for sociopaths and psychopaths. 

Their poison passes into our governments, corporations, media, schools and families. 

Psychopathy mislabeled as divine religion, is causing most of our world's problems.  There's nothing sacred about it, and it needs to be stopped.

~Madison Reed


Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Indonesia Preparing to Recognize the Baha'i Faith As An Official State Relgion

Lukman Saifuddin, the new Religious Affairs Minister of Indonesia, has called for the Baha’i Faith to become the next state-recognized religion.

Lukman Hakim Saifuddin
In a response to a query from the Home Affairs Ministry regarding the status of the religion, Lukman asserted that Baha’i is protected under the Indonesian Constitution, and added that adherents should thus be given official recognition by the state. This would allow Baha’i followers to list their religion on all official documents such as identity cards, licenses, certificates, and property deeds, which can be difficult to obtain for Indonesia’s religious minorities. Many believe that this move, along with the election of Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, proves that Indonesia is becoming a more tolerant and open society.

In 2000, Baha’i was legalized in Indonesia, a country with a high degree of religious diversity. The Indonesian state officially recognizes six different religions: Islam, Catholicism, Buddhism, Protestantism, Hinduism, and Confucianism. With the recent call from Lukman Saifuddin for Baha’i to be granted official status, it may be set to become Indonesia’s seventh official faith. Due to its diversity and the close proximity of mutually opposed religious faiths, Indonesia has struggled with religious violence between certain sects. Despite this, however, Baha’i enjoys more freedoms there than in nations such as Iran and Egypt where it is still heavily restricted.

Lukman’s desire to officially recognize Baha’i was met with mixed reactions in the country, with some opposing the proposal, and others stating that the Indonesian government should recognize all faiths. Bonar Tigor Naipospos, deputy chairman of Setara Institute and advocate of religious freedom, asserted, “The Constitution never mentioned official religions — it only said that people are free to hold a religion or belief and worship according to their religion and belief. The problem is with the Religious Affairs Ministry, which in this case being exclusive and discriminative.”

Many local officials throughout the country are loath to grant official documents such as licenses and permits to groups and individuals who do not adhere to one of the state-recognized faiths, making life difficult for religious minorities. Lukman, posting from his Twitter account, stated that the Religious Affairs Ministry is reviewing the issue. If Baha’i is granted official status as Indonesia’s seventh state-recognized religion, this may indicate that Indonesia is becoming more open to religious minorities, giving hope to adherents of smaller faiths throughout the nation. Ismail Hasani of the Setara Institute declared that Lukman’s openness gives minorities “hope for the strengthening of religious tolerance.”

Baha’i is a monotheistic religion native to Persia. Founded in the 19th century, its leader was exiled from Persia to the Ottoman Empire, where he died a captive. The faith then later spread to Iran, where it is still heavily persecuted. It is estimated that there are currently over 5 million adherents to the faith scattered in almost every country in the world. The Baha’i teachings stress the oneness of God, asserting that all creation comes from Him, and that God speaks through chosen prophets. Baha’i adherents believe that these divine messengers exist in Abrahamic religions such as Islam and Christianity as well as Dharmic faiths such as Buddhism and Hinduism. Baha’i stresses the unity of mankind and the unity of all religions, stating that like all creation, all major religions come from the same God.
News Source:  World Religions News
Reference:  Bahai'is of Indonesia


Sunday, August 3, 2014

The consequences of not challenging the Islamic State

The Islamic State's violence against minority groups and non-Sunni sects goes against the teachings of Islam.


"Those who have been attacked are permitted to take up arms because they have been wronged - God has the power to help them - those who have been driven unjustly from their homes only for saying, 'Our Lord is God.' If God did not repel some people by means of others, many monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, where God's name is much invoked, would have been destroyed." [Qur'an 22:39-40]

by Mohamed Ghilan

Extremism is dangerous, but it is more dangerous to let it flourish and manifest itself the way the terrorist organisation known as the Islamic State group has been allowed to. The problem with allowing extremism to grow unchallenged is that it will eventually drive rational parties into extreme reactions in order to combat it. Thus, more innocent civilians will inevitably suffer in the process, as the problem becomes too big to contain.

Targeting minorities
Recently, Islamic State seized Mar Behnam, an ancient monastery near the predominantly Christian town of Qarqosh, to the southeast of Mosul. The militants expelled the monks, allowing them to take only the clothes they were wearing and preventing them from saving any of the monastery's relics. A few days earlier, Christians in Mosul were given an ultimatum to convert, pay a religious levy, or face death. Their response has been a mass exodus that left the northern Iraqi city empty of Christians for the first time in its history.

The Islamic State has been engaged in a vicious campaign of abductions, murders, and expulsions of minorities in all the areas they sweep through. In practice, they exemplify the very reason why fighting, i.e. armed jihad, was permitted in Islam, which was to combat the oppression of aggressors like the Islamic State:
"Those who have been attacked are permitted to take up arms because they have been wronged - God has the power to help them - those who have been driven unjustly from their homes only for saying, 'Our Lord is God.' If God did not repel some people by means of others, many monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, where God's name is much invoked, would have been destroyed." [22:39-40]
This verse in the Quran is recognised by Muslim scholarly authorities to contain the primary reason for armed jihad in Islam, which is the repelling of unjustified aggression against oneself or others due to difference in belief. Moreover, a corollary that is implicitly understood from it is that non-Muslims living in Muslim lands must be protected and it is impermissible to unjustly expel them or destroy their houses of worship. In their treatment of Iraqi Christians, Islamic State fighters flagrantly commit the very acts abhorred in Islamic teachings.

Religious violence is quickly metastasising. After seizing Mosul and Tikrit, the Islamic State are stepping up their attacks in Baghdad. The recent wave of Baghdad bombings exercised by the Islamic State targeted mostly Shia Muslim areas, the victims of which have been overwhelmingly civilians. If this is an indication, we can expect that should Islamic State take over Baghdad, we will witness a genocide of an unfathomable scale if the militant group continues to be unchallenged.
In June, the Islamic State militants staged mass executions, advertising afterwards that they had killed in one report 1,700 Shia soldiers in Tikrit. It is not for nothing that in every case the executed have been men. According to the Islamic State's bastardised conceptualisation of Islam, Shia are not even Muslims, and therefore once they are conquered, they can kill the men and enslave the women and children. Thus, it is not far-fetched that we may soon hear of slaves sold in public markets of northern Iraq and Syria where this group operates.

In response to the eminent threat from the Islamic State on the Iraqi capital, Ayatollah Ali Sistani, Iraq's highest-ranking Shia Muslim cleric, issued a fatwa summoning the country's Iraqi Muslims, regardless of sect, to take up arms and defend the country, its people, and its holy sites. However, Sunnis, who remain divided on where they should pledge their allegiance, do not consider Ayatollah Sistani's call authoritative. The impetus for them to join the army, remain neutral, or even fight among the ranks of the Islamic State is largely determined by prospective political gains that depend on their specific tribal or geographical context, and how they feel about Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and his government.

One the other hand, a number of different Shia militias have sprung up, and Baghdad is increasingly on edge as it prepares for war with the Islamic State. However, it seems that among these militia groups are fringe Shia militants exercising their own brand of terrorism, killing 25 women in Baghdad who were accused of prostitution. The region is thus falling deeper into lawlessness.

The extreme anti-Shia sentiment harboured by the Islamic State militants did not develop in a vacuum. BBC World Service recently released a documentary titled "Freedom to Broadcast Hate" in which they investigated the proliferation of TV channels in the Arab world, spreading sectarian religious and political messages that deepen the schism between Sunni and Shia Muslims. In some cases, TV evangelists sensationally invoked God in prayer to destroy their counterparts, whom they view as an existential threat to Islam as a whole, and entice their viewers to do the same. Most of the recruited fighters for the Islamic State are products of a TV-raised generation, having their religious and political opinions formed through watching such sectarian programmes.

The Islamic State's policies of persecution are not limited to minorities of Shia Muslims and Christians. Recently, the militants carried out a public execution, stoning to death a woman in the northern Syrian province of Raqqa after she was handed this sentence for allegedly committing adultery. Hadi Salameh, one of the activists in the province, said that residents are "terrified" of the Islamic State, but fear the consequences of speaking up.

In addition, Amnesty International has documented several abuses by the Islamic State against local civilian populations, including children in areas under their control. These include flogging with rubber generator belts or cables, torture with electric shock, or being forced to adopt painful stress positions. This is not to mention an enforcement of a religious law that sees as many as five executions per week.

Prophet Muhammad's warnings
In all their abuses and atrocities, the Islamic State claims to be merely implementing Sharia under their alleged caliphate. However, a reading of history and an understanding of Islamic law would quickly reveal that the Islamic State group is either grossly misinformed, or knowingly engaging in abuses they deem necessary to gain firm control over the population.

The leader of Islamic State, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is alleged in a published biography to be a descendant of Prophet Muhammad and his tribe, Quraysh. While this may be an attractive quality to his supporters pursuing their delusional caliphate, the Prophet Muhammad would definitely differ as his transmitted statements indicate. Prophet Muhammad said, "The destruction of my people will be at hands of young men from Quraysh." In another Hadith narration he said, "There will be a widespread tribulation that will include everyone, the stirring of which will be by a man from my household, claiming he is of my lineage but in reality he is not, for my people are God fearing." In fact, Prophet Muhammad implores people to fight such an individual and his group when possible in order to stop his mischief in the land.

Although Baghdadi's group has been widely condemned by numerous Muslim scholars, the danger lurks in the fact that average young Muslims in the area may be swayed by his rhetoric. In his released sermon after taking control over Mosul, Baghdadi carefully reiterated statements made by the first caliph after the passing of Prophet Muhammad as he urged Muslims to join in what he called a jihad. Combined with what seemed like a sweeping victorious takeovers of major cities, such a presentation can be very attractive to enthusiastic Muslim youth.

We are no longer dealing with al-Qaeda militants in caves in the mountains of Afghanistan. As the Islamic State has been allowed to claim more land and power and become more organised, we have witnessed more suffering and death. It is disconcerting that we might reach a point of no return, and have more suffering and casualties. 

Mohamed Ghilan is a neuroscience PhD candidate at the University of Victoria, Canada, and a student of Islamic jurisprudence.

Follow him on Twitter: @mohamedghilan 

Article source: Al Jazeera

Global Protests Against ISIS Attack on Christians 
Takfiri terrorists in Syria crucified several people in the city of Raqqa / Pics  (WARNING:  Extremely article contains disturbing, extremely violent photos of humans crucified)


Saturday, August 2, 2014

Significant Discovery: Human Teeth Produce a Continual Supply of Stem Cells

Pasieka/Science Photo Library/Corbis

"This unexpected source of stem cells potentially offers scientists a new starting point from which to grow human tissues for therapeutic or research purposes without using embryos."

Development is typically thought to be a one-way street. Stem cells produce cells that mature into specific types, such as the neurons and glia that compose nervous systems, but the reverse isn’t supposed to happen. Yet researchers have now discovered nervous system cells transforming back into stem cells in a very surprising place: inside teeth. This unexpected source of stem cells potentially offers scientists a new starting point from which to grow human tissues for therapeutic or research purposes without using embryos.

“More than just applications within dentistry, this finding can have very broad implications,” says developmental biologist Igor Adameyko of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, who led the new work. “These stem cells could be used for regenerating cartilage and bone as well.”

Researchers knew that the soft “tooth pulp” in the center of teeth contained a small population of mesenchymal stem cells, the type of stem cell that can mature into teeth, bones, and cartilage. But no one had conclusively determined where these stem cells came from. Adameyko figured that if he could trace their development, he might be able to recreate the process in the lab, thereby offering a new way of growing stem cells for tissue regeneration.

He and his and colleagues were already studying glial cells, which support and surround neurons that wind through the mouth and gums and help transmit signals of pain from the teeth to the brain. When they added fluorescent labels to a set of glial cells in mice, they saw that over time, some of them migrated away from neurons in the gums toward the inside of teeth, where they transformed into mesenchymal stem cells. Eventually, the same cells matured into tooth cells, the team reported this week in Nature.

Sarah's story continues here.


Friday, August 1, 2014

Scientists Closing in on Theory of Consciousness

by Tanya Lewis

Probably for as long as humans have been able to grasp the concept of consciousness, they have sought to understand the phenomenon.

Studying the mind was once the province of philosophers, some of whom still believe the subject is inherently unknowable. But neuroscientists are making strides in developing a true science of the self.

Here are some of the best contenders for a theory of consciousness.

Cogito ergo sum

Not an easy concept to define, consciousness has been described as the state of being awake and aware of what is happening around you, and of having a sense of self. [Top 10 Mysteries of the Mind]

The 17th century French philosopher René Descartes proposed the notion of "cogito ergo sum" ("I think, therefore I am"), the idea that the mere act of thinking about one's existence proves there is someone there to do the thinking.

Descartes also believed the mind was separate from the material body — a concept known as mind-body duality — and that these realms interact in the brain's pineal gland. Scientists now reject the latter idea, but some thinkers still support the notion that the mind is somehow removed from the physical world.

But while philosophical approaches can be useful, they do not constitute testable theories of consciousness, scientists say.

"The only thing you know is, 'I am conscious.' Any theory has to start with that," said Christof Koch, a neuroscientist and the chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Neuroscience in Seattle.

Correlates of consciousness
In the last few decades, neuroscientists have begun to attack the problem of understanding consciousness from an evidence-based perspective. Many researchers have sought to discover specific neurons or behaviors that are linked to conscious experiences.

Recently, researchers discovered a brain area that acts as a kind of on-off switch for the brain. When they electrically stimulated this region, called the claustrum, the patient became unconscious instantly. In fact, Koch and Francis Crick, the molecular biologist who famously helped discover the double-helix structure of DNA, had previously hypothesized that this region might integrate information across different parts of the brain, like the conductor of a symphony.

But looking for neural or behavioral connections to consciousness isn't enough, Koch said. For example, such connections don't explain why the cerebellum, the part of the brain at the back of the skull that coordinates muscle activity, doesn't give rise to consciousness, while the cerebral cortex (the brain's outermost layer) does. This is the case even though the cerebellum contains more neurons than the cerebral cortex.

Nor do these studies explain how to tell whether consciousness is present, such as in brain-damaged patients, other animals or even computers.  [Super-Intelligent Machines: 7 Robotic Futures]

Neuroscience needs a theory of consciousness that explains what the phenomenon is and what kinds of entities possess it, Koch said. And currently, only two theories exist that the neuroscience community takes seriously, he said.